Our assessments fall broadly into two categories; formative and summative. These labels are based on how we use the assessment. A formative assessment is meant to inform our instruction; to guide the choices we make around how and what we need to teach in order to ensure learning continues. A summative assessment is often a summary or summation of learning; it is given at the end of a unit or course and allows the student to show what they know and are able to do. Our assessments make up the core of our reporting systems although not every assessment is graded. Many assessments are used by the teachers to evaluate both instructional effectiveness as well as student learning.
Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment (CIA)